The role of production planning and control in the manufacturing industry is to ensure that materials and equipment are available when needed and that everything runs smoothly. Ppc is the technique to plan each and every step in a long series of separate operation. The functions of production planning and controlling are depicted in the fig. This function is concerned with ensuring that the raw material, standard finished parts, finished parts of products must be available while starting the operation within the time. Each function has been explained briefly just overview of the task. Production is related to the conversion of raw materials into finished goods. Administration and coordination of the activities of various components and departments responsible for producing the necessary goods and.
Production planning and control is an important task of production manager. Routing can be defined as the process of deciding the path route of work and the sequence of operations. Production planning is therefore gaining importance in contemporary apparel manufacturing. In any manufacturing industry, production is the driving force to which most other functions react. To organize the production facilities like machines, men, etc. It results in lowcost and highreturns for the organization. Advanced communication and computer skills are very useful for the role. Implementation of the plan and related activities to produce the. Develop production plan, budget and timelines according to production specifications. Production planning and control functions planettogether. The ability to apply principles and techniques in the design, planning and control of these systems. An excellent production planner is wellversed in production procedures and ways to optimize them. Production planning manager responsibilities and duties. Production planning and control linkedin slideshare.
The functions of production planning and controlling are depicted in the following figure. Systematic planning of production activities to achieve the highest efficiency in production of goodsservices. Important functions covered by production planning and control ppc function in any manufacturing system are shown in table1along with the issues to be. Raw materials, finished parts and bought out components should be made available in required quantities and at required time to ensure the correct start and end for each operation resulting in uninterrupted production. Reference production planning and control notes pdf ppc notes pdf. Preplanning function preplanning is a macro level planning and deals with analysis of data and is an outline of the planning policy based upon the forecasted demand, market analysis and. Before we discuss about production management, let us discuss about product, production and management. Objectives of production planning and control in production. Production planning and control for garments industry. Functions of production planning and control in garment. Last but not the least is the core function of production planning, viz machine loading, operations scheduling, job sequencing etc. Johnson, who initiated the mathematical analysis of production scheduling problems.
Basic planning for developing policy decisions, stock holdings, delivery periods for customers, etc. The benefits of production planning and control include. Pdf reflections on production planning and control ppc. Functions of production planning and control in production.
Following are the objectives of production planning and control functions. Bonney reflections on production planning and control ppc 184 the control of the conversion process how deviations from the production plans, system performance, forecasting system and supply system are dealt with. In any manufacturing enterprise production is the driving force to which most other functions react. The components or functions of production management are as follows. Production control production control is a mechanism to monitor the execution of plans. Ordering of makeandbuy items including direct ordering, requirements planning and stock control 4. Definition of bill of materials bom for all products up to any number of levels. Motion study principles of motion economy, time studystandard time. Preproduction planning that includes capacity planning and also controlling the receiving of orders advertisements. This objective can be approached if the amount of work scheduled for the factory or department is equal or slightly greater than the production cycle. In this article we will discuss on functions or activities of production planning and control of clothing industry. What are the most important functions of production management. Site location, facilities layout and various types, planning using craft work place design, working conditions noise illumination etc.
What are the most important functions of production. Component traceability and procurement has special challenges in the electronics industry that require diligent planning. Functions of production planning and control authorstream. Pdf the paper examines the current state of production planning and control ppc. Production planning and control management study guide. Production planning and control result in effective utilization of plant capacity, equipment and resources.
The planning function would involve establishing income and expense goals for next month. Function is very important segment of production planning and control in any manufacturing industry like as garments or textile industry. Some of the important functions of production planning and control are listed below. Form the above definitions it is clear that production planning and its control are the main characteristics of production management. Introduction objectives and benefits of planning and control. Production planning and control pdf notes ppc pdf notes.
Functions of production planning and control ppc in clothing. It coordinates supply and movement of materials and labor, ensures economic and balanced utilization of machines and equipment as well as other activities related with production to achieve the desired manufacturing. Planning precedes all other managerial functions plans objectives and how to achieve them what kind of organization structure. Production planning and control ppc functions look after the manufacturing activities. Now lets discuss above listed functions of production planning and control. Henry gantt, who provided useful charts to improve scheduling decisionmaking, and s. Before implementing a production planning and control system, it is essential to understand the key functions that will improve your manufacturing. Production planner job description template workable. Production planning and control production planning and control is the organization and planning of the manufacturing process. Production planning and control operations management. Production planning and control is the coordination of a series of functions according to a plan which will economically utilize the plant facilities and regulate the orderly movement of goods through the entire manufacturing cycle, from the procurement of all materials to the shipping of finished goods at a predetermined rate. The changing business environment in which pharmaceutical manufacturers are acting creates the need for more effective production processes planning and control methods, which are able to deal with uncertainties in internal processes and external deliveries. Elements of production planning and control bs publications. It has to see that production process is properly decided in advance and it is carried out as per the plan.
Steps in production planning and control mba knowledge base. Therefore, objectives of production planning are as follows. Production operation should start at the right time and the progress should be observed and recorded properly so that the data can be analyzed and deviation can be measured to initiate a. It also helps in identifying deviations and taking the corrective action. Production planning and control the concept and definition. They are organized and resultsdriven with great problemsolving skills. It utilizes the resource allocation of activities of employees, materials and production capacity, in order to serve different customers. Pre production planning that includes capacity planning and also controlling the receiving of orders advertisements. In r and r15,8units of r09 syllabus are combined into 5units in r and r15 syllabus. Production control is the activity of monitoring and. Production planning and control can be viewed as nervous system of the production operation. Production planning and control is a predetermined process which includes the use of human resource, raw materials, machines etc. So i have published a complete article on functions of ppc in apparel industry.
Implementation of the plan and related activities to produce the desired output 4. It is always desirable to consider all the available. Functions of production planning and control ppc in. It helps to take the right decision at the right time and at the right place to achieve maximum efficiency. Oversee production planning and management activities within the organization. Production planning and control, production and inventory control, production and operations control and many more. P roduction planning and control department is one of the important department for the apparel manufacturing company. Combining functions it is desirable that a minimum changes be made after schedules are established.
It utilizes the resource allocation of activities of employees, materials and production capacity, in order to serve different customers different types of production methods, such as single item manufacturing, batch production, mass production, continuous production etc. Challenges and factors affecting production planning and. A production planning and control system is concerned with planning and controlling all aspects of manufacturing, including materials. Functions of production planning and control in production and operations management courses with reference manuals and examples pdf. Production planning can be split into six basic functions as also illustrated by figure 1. Pdf lesson 8 production planning and control prem anand. Routing is the first step in production planning and control. Lectures notes on production and operation management. Apr 06, 2016 functions of production planning and control 10. What ever may be the title of the subject, the contents of the subject are more or less one and the same. Production planning is one part of production planning and control dealing with basic concepts of what to produce, when to produce, how much to produce, etc.
Understanding the basic concepts of production planning and control functions and systems. What is production planning erp module and features. It involves taking a longterm view at overall production planning. Describe the planning and control functions of this process. Production planning is the planning of production and manufacturing modules in a company or industry. Planning based on customer wise production advice and sales forecast. Ordering of make and buy items including direct ordering, requirements planning and stock control 4. What benefits might be derived from performing the planning and control functions for a personal budget. Functions of production planning and control of apparel industry.
Project report on production planning and control ppc. Production logistics accompanies the flow of purchase and job orders from primary requirements planning through to completion of the production order. Determine production requirements based on plant capacity and production specifications. Promised delivery dates are kept, production flows as per scheduled time. In the context of the apparel manufacturing primary roles of the production planning and control ppc department has been listed below. Ppc comprise the planning, routing, dispatching in the manufacturing process so that the movement of material, performance of machines and operation of labour however are subdivided and are directed and coordinated as to quantity, quality, time and place.